TANZANIA NATIONAL PARKS & RESERVES
Ngorongoro Conservation Area
The Nature Zoo Famous Ngorongoro Crater, 2,286 metres above sea level, is the largest un broken caldera in the world. Surrounded by very steep walls rising 610 metres from the crater floor, this natural amphitheatre covers 260 square km. That's 100 square miles and is home to over 25,000 large mammals. About half of the animals are zebras and wildebeests.
There are also gazelles, buffaloes, elands, hartebeests, warthogs, and the rare rhinoceros. Occasionally Maasai can also be seen bringing their cattle down the crater walls to the lake below. Such vast numbers of animals attract many predators, including lions, hyenas, cheetahs, and leopards. More than 100 species of birds not found in the Serengeti can also be spotted here. Countless flamingoes from a pink blanket over the soda lakes.
The Crater has been declared a World Heritage site. The Ngorongoro crater lies within Ngorongoro Conservation Area, which covers more than 8,000 square km. It is bounded Lake Eyasi in the southwest and the Gol Mountains in the north. Roughly in the center is the Olbalal Swamp and the arid.
Olduvai Gorge: It is dotted with extinct craters and high plains and to the north is Oldonyo le Ngai, a grey, forbidding perfest cone that is a still-active volcano.
History and geography
Based on fossil evidence found at the Olduvai Gorge, it is known that various hominid species have occupied the area for 3 million years. Hunter gatherers were replaced by pastorialists a few thousand years ago. The Mbulu came to the area about 2,000 years ago, and were joined by the Datoga around the year 1700. Both groups were driven from the area by the Maasai in the 1800s. Massive fig trees in the northwest of the Lerai Forest are sacred to the Maasai and Datoga people. Some of them may have been planted on the grave of a Datago leader who died in battle with the Maasai around 1840.
No Europeans are known to have set foot in the Crater until 1892, when it was visited by Dr. Oscar Baumann. Two German brothers farmed in the Crater until the outbreak of World War I, after leasing the land from the German colonial administration then in control of East Africa. Dr. Baumann shot three rhinos while camped in the crater, and the German brothers regularly organized shooting parties to entertain their German friends. They also attempted to drive the wildebeest herds out of the crater.
The Ngorongoro area originally was part of the Serengeti National Park when it was created by the British in 1951. Maasai continued to live in the newly created park until 1959, when repeated conflicts with park authorities over land use led the British to evict them to the newly declared Ngorongoro Conservation Area.
Land in the conservation area is multi-use, it is unique in Tanzania as the only conservation area providing protection status for wildlife whilst allowing human habitation. As such land use is controlled to prevent negative effects on the wildlife population, for example cultivation is prohibited at all but subsistence levels.
The area is part of the Serengeti ecosystem, and to the north-west, it adjoins the Serengeti National Park and is contiguous with the southern Serengeti plains, these plains also extend to the north into unprotected Loliondo division and are kept open to wildlife through trans-human pastoralism practiced by Maasai. The south and west of the area are volcanic highlands, including the famous Ngorongoro Crater and the lesser known Empakai. The southern and eastern boundaries are approximately defined by the rim of the Great Rift Valley wall, which also prevents animal migration in these directions.
The Maasai people had been grazing their livestock in the open plains which they knew as “endless plain” for over 200 years when the first European explorers visited the area. The name Serengeti is an approximation of the word used by the Maasai to describe the area. German geographer and explorer Dr. Oscar Baumann entered the area in 1892. Baumann killed three rhinos during a stay in the Ngorongoro crater.
The Serengeti is Tanzania's oldest national park and remains the flagship of the country’s tourism industry, providing a major draw to the “Northern Safari Circuit”, encompassing Lake Manyara, Tarangire and Arusha national parks, as well as Ngorongoro Conservation Area.
A population of approximately 25,000 large animals, largely ungulates along with reputedly the highest density of mammalian predators in Africa, lives in the crater. These include the black rhinoceros, whose local population declined from about 108 in 1964-66 to between 11-14 in 1995, and the hippopotamus, which is very uncommon in the area. There also are many other ungulates: the wildebeest (7,000 estimated in 1994), the zebra (4,000), the eland, and Grant's and Thomson's gazelles (3,000).
National Parks & Reserves
NGORONGORO NATIONAL PARK HOTELS
8-Day Tanzania Adventure Safari and Luxury Lodge Package Itinerary.
This is an optimum package for an exploration of everything the Northern Circuit of Tanzania has to offer. The itinerary includes the main features of Serengeti National Park and the Ngorongoro Crater Reserve, with visits to the smaller regional national parks as well. Activities include evening and morning game drives and a complete overland exploration of Serengeti, including a dawn balloon safari as an optional extra..
14-Day Luxury Climb/Safari Package Itinerary
Lemosho Route is situated along the western slopes of Kilimanjaro, and is one of the most scenic routes. It is well placed for climbers to enjoy a short stay at the Ndarakwai Ranch private conservancy. A short fly-in safari itinerary compliments this climb with a luxury tour of the the Serengeti and Ngorongoro Crater Reserves and some of the best of the Tanzanian luxury lodges and camps..
8-Day Tanzania Luxury Lodge & Safari Package Itinerary.
This is a combination climb/safari packages that offer in a compact itinerary the best that the Northern Circuit of Tanzania has to offer. A fly-in transfer to Serengeti saves time and eases you out of your climb into the luxury of a tented camp in the interior of the par. From there things just get better. Activities include evening and morning game drives and a complete overland exploration of Serengeti, including a dawn balloon safari as an optional extra..
8-Day Lemosho Route Itinerary.
Lemosho Route is the longest of the standard routes and is without doubt the most beautiful. Expect some of the most extraordinary scenery anywhere in Africa, with well preserved forests, sweeping moorland, heather forests and high desert. Lemosho Route also offers easy walking days and plenty of opportunity for altitude adjustment..
7-Day Machame Route Itinerary.
Machame Route is the intermediate route and approaches Kilimanjaro from the south. Its main feature is an experience of the best preserved section of forest as well as a rapid rise in altitude allowing for effective adjustment. This is definitely one of the most scenically beautiful options available to climb Kilimanjaro..
7 DAYS Tanzania Exclusive Lodge Safari..
Visit the 'Big Five' areas of Tanzania on this 6 night safari. Starts with Lake Manyara, Serengeti, and then to the wildlife of Ngorongoro. Accommodation is in three stars to five stars Lodge.
14 DAYS Wildlife Safari and Zanzibar Beach Holiday.
An unforgettable holiday! - The very best of Tanzania's wildlife parks combined with a beach holiday in Zanzibar. Perfect for Honeymooners..
15 DAYS Northern Circuit Safari in Tanzania.
Visit Arusha - Tarangire - Lake Manyara - Ngorongoro - Serengeti. The great Tanzania safari is well planned with time to enjoy the highlights of Tanzania.
Great Tour - 5 days, 4 nights Safari- Tanzania.
Tanzania - Tarangire National park, Lake Manyara National park, Ngorongoro & Serengeti National Park. Discounts apply - Book now..
7 Days Mikumi - Ruaha Safari
The Safari in the Unexploited Ruaha National Parks.Ruaha National Park is the largest national park in Tanzania. It covers an area of about 20,200 kmē. It is located in the middle of Tanzania about 130 km from Iringa. The park is part of a more extensive ecosystem which includes Rungwa Game Reserve, Usangu Game Reserve, and several other protected areas..
20 DAY Tanzania Exclusive Northern & Southern Circuit Safari
Visit the 'Big Five' areas of Tanzania on this 20 days safari. The itinerary starts with Tarangire, Ngorongoro , Serengeti, Manyara, and then continues to Selous, Mikumi and Ruaha. This great Tanzania safari is well planned with time to enjoy the highlights of Tanzania..